7 Steps to improve english


1.- Plan your english learning, Why do you need to learn english?
2. Listen a lot
3.- Pay attention and detect which words you Dont understand
4.- Use te word that you learn, repeat it several times.
5.- Connect new words with the old words and imagine situations.
6.- Use the new words ASAP with other speakers, write a song or make something using thw new words.

7.- Review, Repeat and grow.

Making Appoinments

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Making Appointments
  • I’d like to make an appointment with the manager of the bank.
  • I have an appointment with Dr. Williams
  • Could I make another appointment?
  • Well, could you make it a little sooner? It’s rather urgent…
  • Would tomorrow afternoon be convenient?
  • I’m very sorry, He’s not here at the moment. He had to go out of town for an emergency.
  • Of course. How about next Thursday at 11:30 A.M.
  • O.K. Let’s see. Wednesday at 2:30?

Arrangement-Invitations

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Making Arrangements
  • I was wondering if Monday would be convenient for you.
  • I was wondering if Monday would be possible for you.
  • I was wondering whether we could meet on Monday.
  • Would it be possible for Tom to work on Saturday?
  • Would it be convenient for Tom work on Saturday?.
Extending Invitations
  • Would you like to go dancing tonight?
  • Would you be interested in playing tennis this afternoon?
Responding to arrangements and invitations
No, I am afraid?
  • I will not be able to…
  • I cannot manage to…
  • Monday will not be convenient.
  • It Will not be possible for Tom
Yes,
  • Iwould be delighted to…
  • I would love to…
  • It will be possible for him to…

Apologizing

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Apology Response
  • Sorry, I didn’t mean to bump into you.
  • I’m sorry for ringing the bell three times last night, I didn’t know if you were in.

 

  • So sorry for not calling you.

 

  • Please forgive me for forgetting your birthday.

 

  • Tha’s O.K..

 

  • It’s doesn’t metter.

 

  • It’s all right.

 

  • Don’t let It worry you.

 

How much? – How many?

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When we want to know the quantity or amount of something, we ask questions starting with How much and How many.

how-much-how-many

HOW MUCH …? – (Quantity)
How much is used with uncountable nouns.

HOW MUCH + UNCOUNTABLE NOUN

How much time do we have to finish the test?
How much money did you spend?
How much sugar would you like in your coffee?
How much paper will I need?
How much milk is in the fridge?
How much traffic was there on the way to work?
If the verb To Be is used with an uncountable noun, it is in singular form (= IS or WAS etc.)

HOW MUCH …? – (Price)
How much can also be used when we want to know the PRICE of something.

In this case, we can use How much with countable nouns (both singular and plural nouns).

How much is that painting?
How much are those shoes?
How much did your jacket cost?
How much is the dress on display in the window?
How much will it cost me?
How much does it cost ?

HOW MANY …? – (Quantity)
How many is used when we want to know the QUANTITY of something.

It is only used with plural countable nouns.

HOW MANY + PLURAL NOUN

How many days are there in January?
How many people work in your company?
How many cousins do you have?
How many books did you buy?
How many countries are there in the world?
How many students are in the class right now?
How many chairs are there in this room?
How many pieces of chocolate would you like?

Omitting the noun
Often the noun is omitted in the question when it is obvious what we are talking about.

A: I would like to buy some cheese. B: How much (cheese) would you like?

The noun cheese is not necessary after how much since we already know we are talking about cheese. In fact, it is normally omitted to avoid sounding repetitive.

More examples:

A: I need some coins. – B: How many do you need?
A: I need some sugar. – B: How much do you need?

http://www.grammar.cl/english/how-much-how-many.htm

Again, English Vocabulary.


repress
verb /rəˈpres/

› to keep (an impulse, a desire to do something etc) under control
reprimir
He repressed a desire to hit the man.

flourish
verb /ˈflariʃ, (American) ˈfləː-/

› to be healthy; to grow well; to thrive
florecer, crecer bien
My tomato plants are flourishing.
› to be successful or active
prosperar
His business is flourishing.
› to hold or wave something as a show, threat etc
agitar, blandir
He flourished his sword.

perceive
verb /pəˈsiːv/

› to be or become aware of (something); to understand; to realize
percibir; notar, observar
She perceived that he was tired.

torment
noun /ˈtoːment/

› (a) very great pain, suffering, worry etc
tormento
He was in torment.
› something that causes this
tormento
the torment of not being able to return to his native country.
tormentor /-ˈmen-/ noun
› a person who torments
tormento, persona/cosa que atormenta
The prison guard was his constant tormentor

anger
noun /ˈӕŋɡə/

› a violent, bitter feeling (against someone or something)
cólera, furia
He was filled with anger about the way he had been treated.
angry adjective ( comparative angrier, superlative angriest)
› feeling or showing anger
enfadado
He was so angry that he was unable to speak
angry words
She is angry with him.
› (literary) red and sore-looking
inflamado
He has an angry cut over his left eye.
angrily adverb
› furiosamente, con enfado
He slammed the car door shut angrily.

amuse
verb /əˈmjuːz/

› to make (someone) laugh
divertir
The children were amused by the monkey’s antics.
› to interest or give pleasure to (for a time)
divertirse
They amused themselves playing cards.
amused adjective
› smiling or laughing because you think that something is funny
Divertir / Entretener
He had an amused look on his face.
amusement noun
› the state of being amused or of finding something funny
diversión
A smile of amusement crossed her face.
› an entertainment or interest
distracción, entretenimiento
His childhood amusements included climbing trees.
amusing adjective
› rather funny or humorous
divertido
an amusing story.
amusingly adverb

divertidamente
He invented an amusingly silly game.

A little more Vocabulary!!!


degree

carry
verb UK /ˈkær.i/ US /ˈker.i/

carry verb (TRANSPORT)
A1 [I or T] to hold something or someone with your hands, arms, or on your back and transport it, him, or her from one place to another:
Would you like me to carry your bag for you?
She carried her tired child upstairs to bed.
These books are too heavy for me to carry.
We only had a small suitcase, so we were able to carry it onto the plane.
Robson injured his leg in the second half of the match and had to be carried off.
Thieves broke the shop window and carried off (= removed) jewellery worth thousands of pounds.
B2 [I or T] to move someone or something from one place to another:
The bus that was involved in the accident was carrying children to school.
The Brooklyn Bridge carries traffic across the East River from Brooklyn to Manhattan.
Police think that the body was carried down the river (= was transported by the flow of the river).
Underground cables carry electricity to all parts of the city.
Rubbish left on the beach during the day is carried away (= removed) at night by the tide.
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Will you be able to carry all the shopping back home on your bike?
Kangaroos carry their young in pouches.
She was carrying a tray of drinks.
Water slopped out of the bucket as he carried it up the stairs.
They carried the wounded from the battlefield.
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carry verb (HAVE WITH YOU)
B1 [T] to have something with you all the time:
Police officers in Britain do not usually carry guns.
figurative He will carry the memory of the accident with him (= will remember the accident) for ever.
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carry verb (HAVE)
C2 [T] to have something as a part, quality, or result:
All cigarette packets carry a government health warning.
Our cars carry a twelve-month guarantee.
His speech carried so much conviction that I had to agree with him.
In some countries, murder carries the death penalty.
I’m afraid my opinion doesn’t carry any weight with (= influence) my boss.
US The salesclerk said they didn’t carry (= have a supply of) sportswear.
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carry verb (SPREAD)
C1 [T] to take something from one person or thing and give it to another person or thing:
Malaria is a disease carried by mosquitoes.
carry verb (SUPPORT WEIGHT)
C2 [T] to support the weight of something without moving or breaking:
The weight of the cathedral roof is carried by two rows of pillars.
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carry verb (KEEP IN OPERATION)
› [T] to support, keep in operation, or make a success:
We can no longer afford to carry people who don’t work as hard as they should.
Luckily they had a very strong actor in the main part and he managed to carry the whole play (= make a success of it through his own performance).
carry verb (WIN)
› [T] to win the support, agreement, or sympathy of a group of people:
The bosses’ plans to reorganize the company won’t succeed unless they can carry the workforce with them.
carry verb (APPROVE)
› [T usually passive] to give approval, especially by voting:
The motion/ proposal/ resolution/ bill was carried by 210 votes to 160.
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carry verb (BROADCAST)
› [T] (of a newspaper or radio or television broadcast) to contain particular information:
This morning’s newspapers all carry the same story on their front page.
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carry verb (REACH)
› [I] to be able to reach or travel a particular distance:
The sound of the explosion carried for miles.
The ball carried high into the air and landed the other side of the fence.
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carry verb (DEVELOP)
› [T usually + adv/prep] to develop or continue something:
Lenin carried Marx’s ideas a stage further by putting them into practice.
If we carry this argument to its logical conclusion, we realize that further investment is not a good idea.
She carries tidiness to extremes/to its limits (= she is too tidy).
We must end here, but we can carry today’s discussion forward at our next meeting.
He always carries his jokes too far (= he continues making jokes when he should have stopped).
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carry verb (MOVE BODY)
carry yourself
› to move your body in a particular way:
You can tell she’s a dancer from the way that she carries herself.
carry verb (MATHEMATICS)
› [T] to put a number into another column when doing addition
carry verb (BE PREGNANT WITH)
› [T] to be pregnant with a child:
It was quite a shock to learn that she was carrying twins.
I was enormous when I was carrying Josh.

arise

verb [I] UK /əˈraɪz/ US /əˈraɪz/ (arose, arisen)

arise verb [I] (HAPPEN)
C1 formal to happen:
Should the opportunity arise, I’d love to go to China.
Could you work on Saturday, should the need arise (= if it were to be necessary)?
Are there any matters arising from (= caused by) the last meeting?
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If any complications arise, let me know and I’ll help.
Problems arise if the parents’ approach to discipline is inconsistent.
An occasion may arise when you can use your knowledge of French.
An unforeseen difficulty has arisen.
His reputation for carelessness was established long before the latest problems arose.
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arise verb [I] (GET UP)
› literary to get out of bed:
We arose early on Christmas morning.
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Grammar
Arise or rise?Arise means ‘happen’ or ‘occur’. We use it with abstract nouns (e.g. problem). The three forms of arise are arise, arose, arisen. It is used in formal contexts: …

lay
verb /lei/ ( past tense, past participle laid /leid/)

› to place, set or put (down), often carefully
poner, colocar
She laid the clothes in a drawer / on a chair
He laid down his pencil
She laid her report before the committee.
› to place in a lying position
tender
She laid the baby on his back.
› to put in order or arrange
preparar
She went to lay the table for dinner
They laid a trap.
› to flatten
tender; allanar; alisar
The animal laid back its ears
The wind laid the corn flat.
› to cause to disappear or become quiet
calmar, aquietar
She attempted to help him lay his ghosts to rest..
› (of a bird) to produce (eggs)
poner
The hen laid four eggs
My hens are laying well.
› to bet
apostar
I’ll lay five pounds that you don’t succeed.
layer noun
› a thickness or covering
capa
The ground was covered with a layer of snow
There was a layer of clay a few feet under the ground.
› something which lays, especially a hen
ponedora
a good layer.
layabout noun
› a lazy, idle person
holgazán, vago
He’s nothing but a layablout who sits around the house doing nothing all day.
lay-by noun ( plural lay-bys)
› especially in Britain, a short extra part at the side of a road for people to stop their cars in, out of the way of the traffic
área de aparcamiento, área de estacionamiento
She stopped in the lay-by to have a look at the map.
layout noun
› the manner in which something is displayed or laid out
disposición
It took me a while to familiarize myself with the layout of the building.
laid up
› ill in bed
estar postrado, estar en cama
When I caught flu, I was laid up for a fortnight.
lay aside phrasal verb
› to put away or to one side, especially to be used or dealt with at a later time
dejar a un lado
She laid the books aside for later use.
lay bare
› to show clearly; to expose to view
mostrar
They dug up the road and laid bare the water pipe
Shy people don’t like to lay bare their feelings.
lay by phrasal verb
› to put away for future use
guardar, ahorrar
She laid by a store of tinned vegetables.
lay down phrasal verb
› to give up
entregar
They laid down their arms
The soldiers laid down their lives in the cause of peace.
› to order or instruct
imponer, fijar
The rule book lays down what should be done in such a case.
› to store
guardar (en bodega)
My father laid down a good stock of wine which I am now drinking.
lay (one’s) hands on
› to find or be able to obtain
pillar algo
I wish I could lay (my) hands on that book!
› to catch
pillar a alguien
The police had been trying to lay hands on the criminal for months.
lay in phrasal verb
› to get and store a supply of
proveerse de
I’ve laid in an extra stock of drinks for Christmas.
lay low
› to make ill
estar enfermo
I was laid low by flu, just before my exams.
lay off phrasal verb
› to dismiss (employees) temporarily
despedir
Because of a shortage of orders, the firm has laid off a quarter of its workforce.
lay on phrasal verb
› to provide
facilitar, suministrar
The staff laid on a tea party for the pupils.
lay out phrasal verb
› to arrange over a wide area (especially according to a plan)
disponer, colocar
He was the architect who laid out the public gardens.
› to spread so as to be easily seen
extender
He laid out the contents of the box on the table.
› to knock unconscious
dejar fuera de combate
A blow to the head laid him out.
› to spend (money).
desembolsar
› to prepare (a dead body) to be buried.
amortajar
lay up phrasal verb
› to keep or store
almacenar
We laid up a good supply of apples this year from our own trees.
› to put (a ship) out of use in a dock
atracar
The ship is currently laid up in the docks.
lay waste
› to make (a piece of land) into barren country by burning and plundering
arrasar, asolar
The invading army laid waste to the town.
lay needs an object and has laid as its past tense and past participle: He (had) laid his book down ; He will be laying his proposals before the committee tomorrow.
lie takes no object and has lying as its present participle, lay as its past tense and lain as its past participle: Please lie down ; He lay down ; He had lain there for hours.
lie, to be untruthful, has lying as its present participle, and lied as its past tense and past participle: She (has always) lied about her age.

crowd
noun /kraud/

› a number of persons or things gathered together
multitud, muchedumbre
A crowd of people gathered in the street.
› a group of friends, usually known to one another
grupo, peña
John’s friends are a nice crowd.
crowded adjective
› having or containing a lot of people or things
abarrotado, atestado, concurrido
crowded buses.

swear
verb /sweə/ ( past tense swore /swoː/, past participle sworn /swoːn/)

› to state, declare, or promise solemnly with an oath, or very definitely and positively
jurar
The witness must swear to tell the truth
He swore an oath of loyalty
Swear never to reveal the secret
I could have sworn (= I’m sure) she was here a minute ago.
› to use the name of God and other sacred words, or obscene words, for emphasis or abuse; to curse
blasfemar
Don’t swear in front of the children!
sworn /swoːn/ adjective
› (of friends, enemies etc) (determined, as if) having taken an oath always to remain so
declarado; (traductor u otro cargo tomado bajo juramento) jurado
They are sworn enemies.
› (of evidence, statements etc) given by a person who has sworn to tell the truth
bajo juramento
The prisoner made a sworn statement.
swear word noun
› a word used in cursing
palabrota, taco, grosería
’Damn’ is a mild swear word.
swear by phrasal verb
› to appeal to (eg God) as a witness of one’s words
jurar por
I swear by Heaven that I’m innocent.
› to put complete trust in (a remedy etc)
tener una fe absoluta (en), creer ciegamente (en)
She swears by aspirin for all the children’s illnesses.
swear in phrasal verb
› to introduce (a person) into a post or office formally, by making him swear an oath
tomar juramento a
The new Governor is being sworn in next week.
swear to phrasal verb
› to make a solemn statement, with an oath, in support of
jurar; poner la mano en el fuego
I’ll swear to the truth of what he said
I think he was here this morning, but I wouldn’t like to swear to it.

bother
verb /ˈboðə/

› to annoy or worry
molestar
The noise of the dogs barking bothered the old man.
› to take the trouble
molestarse
Don’t bother to wrap it – I’ll take it as it is.
bothersome adjective
› causing bother or annoyance
fastidioso
a bothersome cough.

glance
verb /ɡlaːns/

› to look very quickly
echar un vistazo, dar una mirada
He glanced at the book
He glanced over the accounts.
glancing adjective
› which hits and glances off
oblicuo
a glancing blow.
at a glance
› at once
a primera/simple vista
I could tell at a glance that something was wrong.
glance off phrasal verb
› to hit and bounce off to one side
rebotar, desviar
The ball glanced off the edge of his bat.

boast
verb /bəust/

› to talk with too much pride
vanagloriarse, jactarse de, fanfarronear
He was always boasting about how clever his son was.
boastful adjective
› jactancioso, fanfarrón
boastful claims/remarks.
boastfully adverb
› con jactancia, haciendo alarde de
She boastfully told them how much she’d spent on shoes.
boastfulness noun
› jactancia
His boastfulness was getting on everyone’s nerves.
boasting noun
› jactancia, fanfarronada
Is there no end to her boasting?

set out

phrasal verb
› to start a journey
partir, salir
He set out to explore the countryside.

quaint
adjective /kweint/

› pleasantly odd or strange, especially because of being old-fashioned
raro, singular; pintoresco
quaint customs.
quaintly adverb
› de forma rara/singular; de forma pintoresca
She quaintly insisted on referring to their son as ’the young Master Peter’.
quaintness noun
› rareza, singularidad; carácter pintoresco

roam
verb /rəum/

› to walk about without any fixed plan or purpose; to wander
errar, vagar
He roamed from town to town
He roamed (over) the hills.
roamer noun
› vagabundo

A little more Vocabulary

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english-meme

alley
noun /ˈӕli/

› (often alleyway) a narrow street in a city etc (usually not wide enough for vehicles)
callejuela
a dark alley.

› a long narrow area used for the games of bowling or skittles
pista
a bowling alley.

shout
noun /ʃaut/

› a loud cry or call
grito
He heard a shout.
› a loud burst (of laughter, cheering etc)
grito
A shout went up from the crowd when he scored a goal.

bleachers
noun [plural] UK /ˈbliː.tʃəz/ US /-tʃɚz/ US

› a ​sloping ​area of ​seats at a ​sports ​field that are not ​covered and are ​therefore not ​expensive to ​sit in

crowd
noun [+ sing/pl verb] UK US /kraʊd/

A2 [C] a ​large ​group of ​people who have come together:
A crowd of about 15,000 ​attended the ​concert.
› [S] informal a ​group of ​friends or a ​group of ​people with ​similar ​interests:
She goes around with a ​friendly crowd.
“Who was there?” “Oh, the ​usual crowd.”

grand
adjective /ɡrӕnd/

› splendid; magnificent
magnífico, espléndido, imponente
a grand procession.
› proud
de grandeza
She gives herself grand airs.
› very pleasant
magnífico, formidable, maravilloso
We spent a grand day at the seaside.
› highly respected
distinguido, respetable, venerable
a grand old man.
grand finale noun
› the final act or scene in a show etc, usually with all the actors, singers etc on the stage.
final triunfal
grand jury noun ( plural grand juries)
› (legal) in the United States, a jury which decides whether there is enough evidence for a person to be brought to trial.
jurado de acusación
grand piano noun
› a type of piano with a large flat top shaped like a harp.
piano de cola
grandstand noun

tie
verb /tai/ ( present participle tying, past tense, past participle tied)

› ( often with to, onetc) to fasten with a string, rope etc
amarrar, atar
He tied the horse to a tree
The parcel was tied with string
I don’t like this job – I hate being tied to a desk.
› to fasten by knotting; to make a knot in
atar(se), anudar(se)
He tied his shoelaces.
› to be joined by a knot etc
atar(se), hacer (un nudo, etc)
The belt of this dress ties at the front.
› to score the same number of points etc (in a game, competition etc)
empatar
Three people tied for first place.
be tied up
› to be busy; to be involved (with)
estar pillado/ocupado/liado
I can’t discuss this matter just now – I’m tied up with other things.
› ( with with) to be connected with
estar relacionado/conectado con
The whole affair is tied up with politics.
tie (someone) down phrasal verb
› to limit someone’s freedom etc
atar, sujetar; limitar
Her work tied her down.
tie in phrasal verb ( tie up)

More, more and more English Vocabulary……

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Meme Learn English

stricken
adjective /ˈstrikən/

> deeply affected, overwhelmed or afflicted
afligido, acongojado
In his youth he was stricken with a crippling disease
grief-stricken parents
panic-stricken crowds.

whatever relative adjective, relative pronoun

› any (thing(s) or amount) that
todo(s) lo(s) … que
I’ll lend you whatever (books) you need.

ward noun [C] (CHILD)
noun [C] UK /wɔːd/ US /wɔːrd/

› specialized law a ​person, ​especially a ​child, who is ​legally put under the ​protection of a ​law ​court or a ​guardian:
The ​girl was made a ward of ​court to ​stop her ​father taking her out of the ​country.

raise verb [T] (LIFT)
verb [T] UK US /reɪz/

B1 to ​lift something to a ​higher ​position:
Would all those in ​favour ​please raise ​their ​hands?
He raised the ​window and ​leaned out.
Mary Quant was the first ​fashion ​designer to raise ​hemlines.

burden
noun /ˈbəːdn/

› something difficult to carry or withstand
carga
the burden of taxation.

entire
adjective /inˈtaiə/

entirety /-rəti/ noun
› completeness.
totalidad
They had to revise the document in its entirety.

derelict
adjective /derilikt/

› abandoned and left to fall to pieces
abandonado, en ruinas
a derelict warehouse.

resent
verb /riˈzent/

resentful adjective
› having or showing such a feeling of annoyance
resentido
She feels resentful that her sister married before she did.